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2013年7月26日金曜日

北朝鮮の船、過去4年で5回キューバに 米国の民間団体調査

ワシントンの民間研究所の‘ウィスコンシン核軍縮計画’は去る2009年以後清川江号を含んだ北朝鮮船舶らがキューバを行ってきた回数が少なくとも5回と明らかにした。
この研究所は貨物船らの国際運航記録を監視している。

ウィスコンシン核軍縮計画側によれば北朝鮮のムドゥボン号は去る2009年5月キューバ首都アバヤ港に立ち寄ったし,以後2011年にもアバヤ港とサンティアゴのにキューバ港に停泊した記録がある。

また去年4月北朝鮮のポドンガン号はキューバの代表的な砂糖輸出港であるプエルト パドゥレ港に立ち寄った。オ・ウン青年号は1ヶ月の後アバヤ港とプエルト パドゥレ港に停泊したことが明らかになったとしている。

ウィスコンシン核軍縮計画はしかし彼ら北朝鮮貨物船らがカリブ海をすぎる時,検索にあったことは一度もなかったと伝えた。

http://www.wisconsinproject.org/pubs/editorials/chongchongang.htm
MORE ON THE NORTH KOREAN VESSEL SEIZED IN PANAMA
The Chong Chon Gang is not the only North Korean vessel traveling to Latin America
July 17, 2013

 

On July 12, authorities in Panama boarded and searched the Chong Chon Gang, a North Korean-flagged cargo vessel returning from Cuba and preparing to transit the Panama Canal. The search is ongoing but so far has revealed military cargo, apparently including components for missile systems, hidden under a load of sugar.

The Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control has analyzed the voyage history of the Chong Chon Gang and related vessels over the past decade. According to the data, last month’s visit to Cuba is only the most recent of at least three voyages to Central and South America that the vessel has made. In August 2008, the Chong Chon Gang made another transit of the Panama Canal (from Atlantic to Pacific), and in October 2009 it stopped at a port in Santos, Brazil, before heading through the Mediterranean for stops in Ukraine and Turkey.

The data also show that the Chong Chon Gang is not the only North Korean vessel calling at ports in Latin America. At least two vessels, the O Un Chong Nyon Ho and the Mu Du Bong, docked in Cuba in May 2012 and May 2009, respectively. Both made voyages similar to the one just made by the Chong Chon Gang. Two other vessels, the Ryong Gun Bong and the Ap Rok Gang, have also made recent transits of the Panama Canal.

All of these vessels operate in a classic shell company network. In the case of the Chong Chon Gang, the registered owner is Chongchongang Shipping Co., Ltd., a company that does not appear to hold any other vessels. However, the company of real interest is the vessel’s manager: Pyongyang-based Ocean Maritime Management Co. This company is affiliated with more than a dozen other vessels, including all of those listed above. The pattern is common: a company is set up to act as a vessel's nominal "owner," but is in fact controlled by a much larger company. Iran has followed a similar pattern in seeking to evade international sanctions on its shipping sector.

Panama has called in United Nations experts to examine whether the Chong Chon Gang’s cargo constituted a breach of U.N. sanctions on North Korea. This would not be the first time that North Korea is found to be violating U.N. sanctions by shipping arms; but this publicized interdiction in Latin America is a first. It confirms the scope of North Korea's proliferation reach and the need for global vigilance.

 

For additional information:

Matthew Godsey
The Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control
1701 K Street, NW Suite 805
Washington D.C. 20006
(202) 223-8299
info@wisconsinproject.org

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